Pokémon video game franchise

The Pokémon franchise has spawned numerous titles and spin-offs, spanning several generations of games and has an animated series that spans many seasons.


The Pokémon, or Pocket Monsters, series began in Japan in March 21,1996 on the original Game Boy with Pokémon Red and Green, with versions Red and Blue arriving in North America on September 30th, 1998. Installments of this role-playing game are usually released in pairs, with minor difference between the two iterations, so that 100% completion can only be achieved by linking to a friend with the game and swapping the missing creatures. A third game would later be released with some alterations and improvements over the previous 2 versions. Published by Nintendo, this series became a sensation spawning toys, card games, shirts, spin-offs, and an animated television show that has gone on for thirteen seasons. The original cast of actual Pokémon has grown from 151 to 719.


See Pokémon (Concept) for list of all 719 Pokémon.

Pokémon are special critters that appear throughout the game that the player can battle and capture to use. There are currently 719 different Pokémon in the series, and not all can be captured in a single game. Players can use a Pokédex to keep track of all Pokémon seen and captured.

Each Pokémon has 1 or 2 Types (out of a total of 18), and can learn up to 4 different moves at a time. Each Pokémon has a base stat point distribution, spread between 6 stats: Attack, Defense, Special Attack, Special Defense, Speed, and HP. Pokémon earn experience every time they make an opponent faint, and will increase their stats automatically every time they level up. From the 3rd Generation onwards, Pokémon also have a nature, which will increase or decrease certain stats, and an ability, which is a special attribute that might help (or hinder) it in battle. Players can affect their Pokémon stat point gain through Effort Value (EV) and Individual Value (IV) manipulation, which can boost a Pokémon's stat points significantly.

Many Pokémon can evolve (i.e. change to a better form) when they hit a certain prerequisite, normally by reaching a set level. The Pokémon will keep the moves, nature, EVs, and IVs of the original, but will gain (or sometimes lose) stat points. Some evolutions will also change the Pokémon's types or ability, and gain access to new skills that might not have been available in their previous form. Some Pokémon have branching evolutions, where the Pokémon can evolve into a different Pokémon based on their evolution method.

Pokémon are captured using special capsule-like devices known as Poké Balls. These balls can be bought or found, and only be used against wild Pokémon. There are many different types of balls, from the basic red-and-white Poké Ball to the Master Ball, which will capture any Pokémon without fail. Players can also trade their Pokémon, either through local connections, or via a global trading system first introduced in the 4th Generation.

Main Games

The main series of games in Pokémon is divided into 6 different generations. Each generation features a new region, with new Pokémon to catch and new places to explore. The main games and their spin-offs, the anime, the manga, and the trading card game are all updated with the new Pokémon properties each time a new generation begins. There were originally a total of 151 Pokémon (beginning with Bulbasaur and ending with Mew), but it has increased to 719 in X/Y.

First Generation (Kanto)

The 1st games in the series were Pokémon Red/Blue (Red/Green in Japan), released September 1998 in America for the Game Boy. After the success of the first games and the animated series, Pokémon Yellow was released October 1999, with a plot inspired by the anime. These games started off the Pokémon craze around the world, and sets many of the gameplay mechanics still seen in current games, like Pokémon Types and battle mechanics.

Second Generation (Johto)

The 2nd Generation of Pokémon began in 2000 with the release of Pokémon Gold/Silver for Game Boy Color. Like the previous generation, an enhanced remake titled Pokémon Crystal was later released. The second generation introduced 100 new species of Pokémon (starting with Chikorita and ending with Celebi), for a total of 251 Pokémon to collect, train, and battle. The second generation was a particularly well acclaimed one, thanks to it's large amount of new features and it's overall appeal. Many fan remakes have been made in the attempt to recreate the feel Gold/Silver had and Nintendo officially announced remakes of both the games in 2009, HeartGold/SoulSilver.

Third Generation (Hoenn)

The 3rd Generation began with the 2003 release of Pokémon Ruby/Sapphire for Game Boy Advance and continued with the Game Boy Advance remakes of Pokémon Red/Blue, Pokémon FireRed/LeafGreen, and an enhanced version of Pokémon Ruby/Sapphire: Pokémon Emerald. The third generation introduced 135 new Pokémon (starting with Treecko and ending with Deoxys) for a new total of 386 species. However, this generation also garnered some criticism for leaving out several gameplay features, including the day-and-night system introduced in the previous generation, and it was also the first installment that encouraged the player to collect merely a selected assortment of the total number of Pokémon rather than every existing species (202 out of 386 species are catchable in the Ruby and Sapphire versions). On May 7th, 2014, Nintendo announced remakes of Pokemon Ruby/Sapphire, titled Omega Ruby/Alpha Sapphire, expected to be released in November 2014.

Fourth Generation (Sinnoh)

In 2007, the franchise entered its 4th Generation with the release of Pokémon Diamond/Pearl for Nintendo DS. The fourth generation introduces another 107 new species of Pokémon (starting with Turtwig and ending with Arceus), bringing the total of Pokémon species to 493. New gameplay concepts include a restructured move-classification system, online multiplayer trading and battling via Nintendo Wi-Fi Connection, the return (and expansion) of the second generation's day-and-night system, and the expansion of the third generation's Pokémon Contests into Super Contests. The new region of Sinnoh also has an underground component for multiplayer gameplay in addition to the main overworld. Pokémon Platinum - the enhanced version of Diamond/Pearl much like Yellow, Crystal and Emerald - was later released to western countries in 2009.

Later on March 14, 2010, Pokemon HeartGold/SoulSilver was released, a remake of the Johto adventures Gold/Silver/Crystal. It implements many features from Diamond/Pearl/Platinum, such as the Global Trading Station (GTS), due to the use of the same engine. It also showed the lead Pokémon following the Trainer, a concept not reused in the later games.

Fifth Generation (Unova)

The 5th Generation of games was first announced in 2010, with Pokemon Black/White for the Nintendo DS arriving in America in March 6, 2011. This generation added another 156 Pokémon to the series, and featured more dynamic camera angles and fully animated Pokémon sprites, last seen in Crystal. It is the first game in the series to not use any of the older Pokémon within the main story arc, only appearing after beating the Elite Four. It also introduced the Pokémon Global Link, the successor to the GTS, and allowed access to the Dream World, a special website that allowed players to find Pokémon with special abilities not usually found in game.

In October 7, 2012, a direct sequel to Black/White, Black/White Version 2, was released again for the DS. It is the first time a Pokémon game had a direct sequel set in the same region, being set 2 years after the first games. Many of the older characters return in this game, but the player plays a new character starting out in a new town. All the features of Black/White returned, with no major changes to the formula.

Sixth Generation (Kalos)

The 6th Generation of games was announced on January 8, 2013 during a Pokémon Direct press event, the first of its kind. Pokémon X/Y for the Nintendo 3DS is the first generation of main Pokémon games to see a simultaneous worldwide release, which took place on October 12th 2013. These games introduced 70 new Pokémon, a fully 3D world, the Fairy type, Mega Evolutions, a lower camera angle, and a new battle system, which will be more like a mix of the old system and the stadium games.

Remakes of Pokémon Ruby/Sapphire, titled Omega Ruby/Alpha Sapphire, were announced on May 7th, 2014. The remakes will recreate the Hoenn region in full 3D, as well as adding new Mega Evolutions for several Pokémon. The games were released on November 21st 2014 worldwide, except for Europe where it was released on November 28th 2014.


Pokémon Stadium | Pokémon Mystery Dungeon | Pokémon Ranger | Pokémon Rumble | Pikachu | Pokémon Trozei | Pokédex | Pokémon TCG | Pokémon Pinball |



Pokémate is a cellphone application developed by Square-Enix released only in Japan. It allows you to play a number of minigames and perform useful functions like sending and receiving messages. The application is free to download for one month, after which you are required to pay a small subscription fee. Pokémate came pre-installed on all FOMA P902iS phones. Currently, the service costs 210 yen per month in Japan.


Your Room

From Your Room you can access your Pokémon Box to view your Pokémon, visit the Chatroom, send text-message style mail to your friends, and invite people to visit your game world.


The chatroom function of Pokémate allows you to enter a small chatroom with your Pokémon and chat with other users. It works like a traditional forum, with each message marke by your username and including an avatar of your Pokémon.

Pokémon Capture

When you install the game, you are assigned a random Pokémon and ten free Pokéballs to catch new Pokémon. In the game world, anytime you encounter a Pokémon, you can throw a Pokéball and try to capture it. Initially there are only three Pokémon in your game world that are available for capture, all also randomly assigned. When you sign up for the subscription service, more Pokémon begin to appear in the world. You can purchase more Pokéballs for 105 Yen.

Pokémon Storage

Just like in the Gameboy Advance Pokémon games, you are given a Box to store captured Pokémon. From here you can select which character to use as your chatroom avatar as well as view a short Pokédex entry for each Pokémon. The Box can be accessed from the PC in Your Room.

Anime and Movies

The Pokémon anime series began in 1997 and now has spread all across the world in the animated series produced by Nintendo, TV Tokyo and Pokémon USA. The series stars Ash Ketchum and Pikachu in various locations throughout the Kanto, Johto, Hoenn, Sinnoh, Unova and Kalos regions during the series. Here are the seasons in the series in English:

  1. Pokémon: Indigo League
  2. Pokémon: Adventures on the Orange Islands
  3. Pokémon: The Johto Journeys
  4. Pokémon: Johto League Champions
  5. Pokémon: Master Quest
  6. Pokémon: Advanced
  7. Pokémon: Advanced Challenge
  8. Pokémon: Advanced Battle
  9. Pokémon: Battle Frontier
  10. Pokémon: Diamond and Pearl
  11. Pokémon: Diamond and Pearl: Battle Dimension
  12. Pokémon: Diamond and Pearl: Galactic Battles
  13. Pokémon: Diamond and Pearl: Sinnoh League Victors
  14. Pokémon: Black and White
  15. Pokémon: Black and White: Rival Destinies
  16. Pokémon: Black and White: Adventures in Unova
  17. Pokémon: Black and White: Adventures in Unova and Beyond
  18. Pokémon the Series: XY
  19. Pokémon the Series: XY Kalos Quest
  20. Pokémon the Series: XYZ

The anime has also spawned many movies, each dealing with Ash and his encounter with, often, a Legendary Pokémon. There are currently 18 movies produced:

  1. Pokémon the First Movie: Mewtwo Strikes Back
  2. Pokémon the Movie 2000: The Power of One
  3. Pokémon 3: The Movie: Spell of the Unown
  4. Pokémon 4Ever: Celebi: Voice of the Forest
  5. Pokémon Heroes
  6. Jirachi: Wish Maker
  7. Destiny Deoxys
  8. Lucario and the Mystery of Mew
  9. Pokémon Ranger and the Temple of the Sea
  10. The Rise of Darkrai
  11. Giratina and the Sky Warrior
  12. Arceus and the Jewel of Life
  13. Zoroark: Master of Illusions
  14. White: Victini and Zekrom / Black: Victini and Reshiram
  15. Kyurem VS. the Sword of Justice
  16. Genesect and the Legend Awakened
  17. Diancie and the Cocoon of Destruction
  18. Hoopa and the Clash of Ages
  19. Volcanion and the Mechanical Magearna

Pokémon franchise games